This paper analyses the relationship between workers’ gender and monetary incentives in an experimental setting based on a double-tournament scheme.
The participants must choose between a piece-rate payment or a performance prize.
The results show that women tend to shy away from competition, and are less sensitive than men to the monetary incentives of the tournament.
In addition the tournament scheme induces males, but not women, to signal their ability and to select the contract which is more profitable for them.
Keywords: gender, incentives, work, experiment.
JEL Classification codes: C91, J16, J41